Based in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, we reach millions of The problem is identifying them. No, there are over 9,000 species of earthworms, ranging in size from half an inch to 22 feet long. That’s why this method of vermicomposting is also called red worm composting. What separates NC State University from other schools? Sign up for our newsletter. Epigeic Worms. It’s very common for the new vermicomposter to ask “What kind of worms can I use in my worm bin? Only seven species have been identified as suitable for vermicomposting. Worms that feed on vegetable waste, compost, and organic bedding produce richer casting than those that feed on plain soil. Rhonda is the founder and director of a two‐acre Compost Learning Lab (CL2) at NC State’s 1,500-acre Lake Wheeler Road Field Laboratory. Off all the earthworm types the epigeic worms are the only ones that can be used commercially in vermicomposting systems. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. It’s a great way to use up your kitchen scraps and the kids will enjoy helping out with the worm farm. Of the seven species, only one is typically used in North America: Eisenia fetida (one common name is red wiggler). Subscribe By Email chevron_right. And of those, only 4 are readily available in the US. Instead, purchase Eisenia fetida … Of the seven species, only one is typically used in North America: Eisenia fetida (one common name is red wiggler).  When these cultivated worms are used for compost formation, it is termed as "vermicomposting". The best types of worms for vermicomposting are red wigglers (Eisenia fetida) and redworms (Lumbricus rubellus). They can be microscopic or several meters long. of worms per day), you’ll have a steady supply of vermicompost for your garden. What made it so helpful? Earthworms and Vermicomposting. More than 9,000 species of earthworms have been identified, yet only seven species are suitable for vermicomposting. The Blue Worm Eisenia fetida and Eisenia andrei … Vermicompost worms break down organic matter, such as kitchen scraps, into waste products called castings. metabolic rate from deep dwelling larger worms with less metabolic rate. Noticing later that there were three different types of worms, my question is will different types of worms co-habitate?” ~ Terry Tyson. The non … Earthworms (Crassiclitellata) are terrestrial oligochaetes that usually live in the soil. They’re the type that likes to settle on top soil (does less burrowing), and likes to eat and live … The type of worm most commonly used for vermicomposting is the red wiggler. Your earthworms need to be shielded from light and rain, so be sure to cover the bin with something: a lid, burlap sacks, cardboard, loose plastic, plywood, etc. What species of worms can be used for VermiComposting? These worms are commonly used to produce vermicompost, as well as for fish bait. You can buy them at many garden centers in your area. There should also be some way to drain excess liquid from the bin (drill holes in the bottom). You can also … I’ve raised African Night Crawlers, Canadian Night Crawlers and Gray Night Crawlers. Her book The Worm Farmer’s Handbook: Mid- to Large-Scale Vermicomposting for Farms, Businesses, Municipalities, Schools, and Institutions was selected to receive Choice Magazine’s (American Library Association) award for Outstanding Academic Title. You won’t be able to tell the difference between Lumbricus rubellus and other worms, so it’s best to buy them. Information sourced from Card et al., 2004. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. She co-founded the Alliance for Integrated Resource Management (1988), Van Buren County Citizens for Recycling (1989), Source-Separated Compost & Organics Recycling Association (1993), National Backyard Composting Program (1994), and the North Carolina Composting Council (2008).
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