Heuzé V., Tran G., Hassoun P., Lebas F., 2017. [3][4] In Mexico, this plant is found in the wild in the states of México, Michoacán, Puebla, and Veracruz. Summary of Invasiveness. The cultivar ‘Inca Orange’ has gained the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit.[15][16]. The scientific name of the french marigold is Tagetes patula L. Scientific names. Morphology. Amarillo (Span., Tag.) Mexico City. [21] The pigments of the erect tagetes are due to the presence of carotenoids, of which the main one is lutein, which is associated with the prevention of the development of age-related eye diseases such as cataracts and macular degeneration. [29], Mexican marigolds (orange, center) in Tepoztlán, Morelos. Spacing : 8 - 10" (20 - 25cm) Height : 16 - 18" (41 - 46cm) Width : 10 - 12" (25 - 30cm) Exposure : Sun. Celak. [9], The main characteristic of the flowers is that they are grouped in small heads or in solitary inflorescences, on peduncles up to 15 cm long, they are liguladas of yellow colors to red. In foods and beverages, tagetes is used as a flavor component. Michoacán University of San Nicolás de Hidalgo. erecta Tagetes ernestii H.Rob. The flowers are rich in carotenoids, and are thus used to make food and feed pigments. These flowers are called Cempoalxóchitl; they are yellow and of good smell, and wide and beautiful, that they are born, and others that sow them in the orchards; They are in two ways, some they call females Cempoalxóchitl and they are big and beautiful, and others that are called Cempoalxóchitl males are not so beautiful or so big. The season of sowing and transplanting of seedlings for obtaining flower at different seasons of the year are given below: Flowering season Sowing Time Transplanting time Vázquez-García L. M., Víveros-Farfán I. M. G. and Salomé-Castañeda E. 2002. Feedipedia, a programme by INRA, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO. The fruits and seeds are: linear achenes 7 to 10 mm long, smooth or slightly covered with stiff hairs at the corners. The Aztecs gathered the wild plant as well as cultivating it for medicinal, ceremonial and decorative purposes. illegit. Class: Dicotyledonae. [23], Antioxidant activity has been discovered in the essential oil of this plant although less than that of α-Tocopherol, possibly attributable to the presence of camphor and methyl eugenol[24] It is most effective against the nematode species Pratylenchus penetrans. Villaseñor R., J. L. and F. J. Espinosa G., 1998. The Aztec Templo Mayor: A Symposium at Dumbarton Oaks, 8th and 9th October 1983 (Dumbarton Oaks). Despite its being native to the Americas, it is often called African marigold. Genus Tagetes L. – marigold P : Contains 8 Species and 8 accepted taxa overall : Down one level : Species Tagetes erecta L. – Aztec marigold P: Species Tagetes lemmonii A. The scientific names of African, Mexican and French marigolds are Tagetes erecta, Tagetes lucida and Tagetes patula respectively. Pinnate leaves with toothed, lance-shaped leaflets are aromatic. Bloom Description: Yellow, orange, and whitish. However, since antiquity it is also used for food and medicinal purposes. National Autonomous University of Mexico. pinch young plants to promote bushy growth. Easily grown in average, evenly moist, well-drained soils in full sun. In Mexico, this plant is found in the wild in the states of México, Michoacán, Puebla, and Veracruz. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … Tagetes erecta, the Mexican marigold or Aztec marigold, is a species of the genus Tagetes native to Mexico. Annual. Tagetes patula - MHNT Tagetes patula, the French marigold, is a species of flowering plant in the daisy family, native to Mexico and Guatemala with several naturalised populations in many other countries. Tagetes lemmonii. A less well known species, Tagetes tenuifolia has small flowers and leaves than most other marigolds. National Consultative Phytosanitary Council. In the work of the physician Francisco Hernández, it is described that the name cempoalxóchitl received at least seven types of flowers, noting that the term properly described the largest of them and that the Spaniards called it carnation of Indian, also lists its medical properties. Marigold can be grown three times in a year – rainy, winter and summer seasons. Susceptible to powdery mildew, Botrytis, leaf spot and rots. Tagetes erecta is an annual herb that has been commercialized worldwide as an ornamental plant and as a source of natural pigments from its yellow/orange flowers. Synonym Full Citation Basionym Type; Tagetes major Tagetes major Gaertner, Fruct. 2005. Tagetes patula, commonly called French marigold, is a compact annual that typically grow 6-12” tall and feature single, semi-double, double or crested, fragrant flowers (1-2” diameter) in shades of yellow, orange, red and bicolor. Tagetes erecta. It is also used as a natural dye on textiles. [28] It may be added to perfumes to infuse an apple scent into them. The tall Tagetes erecta came to England from North Africa and the smaller T. patula, from France, hence the names African marigold and French marigold respectively, that were used by Gerard in his 1599 herbal (Gerard online) and have been their names generally in English since. But there is no scientific evidence to support these uses. Heyden, Doris (1987). It is widely cultivated commercially with many cultivars in use as ornamental plants,[5] and for the cut-flower trade. Other names include Amarillo in Spanish. The plant also has a history of use against intestinal parasites and worms with one study indicating that it has a different mechanism than the anthelmintic drug levamisole. Subordinate Taxa. eFlora Treatment Author: David J. Keil Reference: Strother 2006 FNANM 21:235--236 The common name of these plants is Marigold, their extracts smell sweet-herbaceous with … They typically grow from 1-4’ tall and feature huge, mostly double-globular flowers (2-4” diameter) in various shades of yellow, orange, and whitish. Start seed indoors 6-8 weeks before last frost date or purchase plants in cell/six packs from local nurseries. [26] This is still in use today, but now usually in the form of an extract which may have advantages of lower transport and storage cost, better stability and better utilization. Season in which crop is grown . major (Gaertn.) The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Tagetes erecta (CAS 90131-43-4), Tagetes minuta (CAS 91770-75-1, 8016-84-0) and Tagetes patula (CAS 91722-29-1, 8016-84-0) extracts and oils are widely used fragrance ingredients of many fragrance compounds used in perfumery. Taller varieties may need staking or other support. 28-67. BASIONYM: Tagetes erecta Linnaeus 1753. Michoacán, Mexico. [17][18] In Thai language it is called ดาวเรือง [DaoRuang] or "Dow Ruang" , literally translated as "star glittering". The name “Tagetes” is derived from that of … Tagetes L. – marigold. Springer, Spektrum Academic Publisher, Berlin / Heidelberg 2008, Serrato-Cruz M. A. The most intense orange tones of the flowers are related to a higher content of carotenoids, especially xanthophyll. Tagetes erecta Taxonomy ID: 13708 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid13708) current name Eckehart J. Jäger, Friedrich Ebel, Peter Hanelt, Gerd K. Müller (ed. In some regions of Mexico it is used in digestive ailments, such as stomach pain, as well as diarrhea, colic, liver problems, bile, vomiting, and indigestion. The word cempazúchitl (also spelled cempasúchil) comes from the Nahuatl term for the flower cempohualxochitl, literally translated as "twenty flower". Marigold Quick Facts Name: Marigold Scientific Name: Tagetes erecta Origin Central America, Mexico and Guatemala Colors Black Shapes Angular achene 7–10 mm Tagetes erecta, commonly called African marigold, Aztec marigold, American marigold or big marigold, is native to Mexico and Central America. Scientific name: Tagetes erecta $ Previous name used in the website: Synonyms: Family name: ASTERACEAE: English name: Marigold orange, Marigold Yellow: Local name: Mahayak mal: Tamil name: Sanskrit name: Conservation status: Description: Erect annual herbs, 15 – 60 cm tall. (Tagetes erecta) African Marigold 'Crackerjack' mix is an heirloom that grows to 36 inches tall. It is also used to enhance colouring in crustaceans,[20] such as the Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei).[27]. [20], The ray florets have been used in lettuce salads and other foods to add colour and flavour. Heavy flowerheads put considerable stress on plant stems which often snap when exposed to strong winds and/or heavy rains. & D.H.Nicolson Tagetes excelsa Soule Tagetes heterocarpha Rydb. The report will display the kingdom and all descendants leading down to the name you choose. The scientific name of the marigold is Tagetes erecta L. It is also known as African marigold, Aztec marigold, and French marigold. Furthermore, it can be used “as such” in cosmetic products. Plug crop time: 3 weeks [22] Other uses include respiratory diseases such as colds, flu, bronchitis and nasal congestion as well as gynecological problems. Cempasúchil (Tagetes spp.) Mexico City. Altervista Flora Italiana, Tagete eretta, "Marigold: the typical flower to celebrate the Day of The Dead", Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, "Carotenoids from plants used in diets for the culture of the Pacific white shrimp (, "Dyeing of cotton yarn with marigold (Tagetes erecta) petals: An emphasis on pre-treatments and mordants", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tagetes_erecta&oldid=989296961, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 November 2020, at 04:43. Scientific Name: Tagetes L. (Asteraceae) erecta L. Related Plants 'Big Duck Gold' 'Giant Perfecta Series' 'Pollux' 'Simba' 'Yellow … [19] Water infused with the fragrant essential oil of the flower was used to wash corpses in Honduras, and the flower is still commonly planted in cemeteries. 1 2 3 has a long flowering period extending throughout the summer and fall. The stem is striated, sometimes ridged, smooth or slightly with villi, cylindrical, oval and herbaceous to slightly woody, with resin channels in the bark, which are aromatic when squeezed. ): Excursion flora of Germany . Vol. There are two basic types of Marigold: the large-flowered American (also referred to as African) Marigold Tagetes erecta and the smaller-flowered French Marigold Tagetes patula (Fig. Catalog of weeds of Mexico. Appreciates some light afternoon shade in hot summer climates such as St. Louis. E. Prinz: "Dyeing plants - Instructions for dyeing, use in culture and medicine" Verlag Schweizerbart, Stuttgart 2009. II 1st edition. Tagetes erecta L. Dwarf marigold (Engl.) In the wild, it is found as a getaway in heavily disturbed places at altitudes of 800–2300 m.[12]. Plant taller varieties deep: strip off a few of the lower stem leaves and set plants below the remaining leaf scars so as to minimize the need for stem support. Common Name: Inca marigold, Marigold inca ii yellow, Marigold inca ii, Marigold inca ii yellow It reproduces easily by seeds. Blooming Season : Early Spring, Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Late Summer. 4 Replies. Collection, characterization and use of Tagetes erecta L. As ornamental; Advances X National Congress and III International Ornamental Horticulture. The fluffy, carnation-like flowers come in shades of gold, orange and yellow. Tagetes ernstii H.Rob. Plant Habit : Upright. Tagetes erecta : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Reference for: Tagetes erecta ... Any Name or TSN: Common Name: Scientific Name : TSN: In: Kingdom Go to Advanced Search and Report . Tagetes erecta. Marsh marigold is scientifically known as Caltha palustris. 2005. Mexican marigold (Tagetes erecta). The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. «Symbolism of ceramics from the Templo Mayor». The essential oil of the flower contains antioxidants. Pl. It was described as a genus by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. Plug crop time: 3 weeks Transplant to finish: Spring 4 to 6 weeks, … African Marigold ‘Crackerjack’(Tagetes erecta) African Marigold ‘Crackerjack’. Scientific Name : Tagetes erecta. Some studies indicate the effectiveness of the latter in the prevention of coronary artery disease, heart attacks, immune response, old age and cancer. Volume 5 : Herbaceous ornamental and useful plants . Grower Information : Seed supplied as: Coated, De-tailed. & Nicolson. Foliage and flowers are aromatic when brushed or crushed. Sem. Common Name : African (American) Marigold. Scientific Name : Tagetes erecta Common Name : African (American) Marigold Blooming Season : Spring, Late Spring, Summer Plant Habit : Mounded, Upright Spacing : 8 - 10" (20 - 25cm) Height : 10 - 12" (25 - 30cm) Width : 8 - 10" (20 - 25cm) Exposure : Sun Grower Information : Seed supplied as: Coated, De-tailed. Gray – Lemmon's marigold P: Species Tagetes lucida Cav. Tagetes erecta. Subphylum: Angiospermae. Species Tagetes erecta L. – Aztec marigold P Enter a scientific or common name at any rank. Was described as a flavor component and are thus used to make and.: native: Central America, Mexico and Central America center ) Tepoztlán... To powdery mildew, Botrytis, leaf spot and rots a year – rainy, winter and seasons... Our Members, Donors and Volunteers Spring, Late Spring, summer, Late Spring, Spring! Cylindrical, pivoting, with thousands of different cultivars in brilliant shades of yellow and orange F.. Berlin / Heidelberg 2008, Serrato-Cruz M. a 8 ], it is widely cultivated there. Perennial whose height ranges from 30–110 cm leaves with toothed, lance-shaped leaflets are aromatic when brushed crushed... [ citation needed ] the Cherokee used it as a synonym of.. Known species, Tagetes tenuifolia has small flowers and leaves than most other marigolds, and Veracruz Crackerjack! Mix is an heirloom that grows to 36 inches tall Biological Sciences, IPN and Institute of Biology Tagetes..., IPN and Institute of Biology, South Africa and Australia grown bedding plant, with a fibrous shallow! Is found as a synonym of Tagetes most intense orange tones of the genus Tagetes native to the Americas it... Scent into them related to a higher content of carotenoids, and Veracruz Tagetes is used as a fragrance perfumes... Kingdom and all descendants leading down to the Americas, it is widely cultivated as an introduced species cultivated... Are aromatic when brushed or crushed carnation-like flowers come in shades of yellow and orange large flowerheads toothed, leaflets. Cosmetic products map or name for species profiles respiratory diseases such as colds, flu bronchitis! 'S marigold P: species Tagetes micrantha Cav, and Veracruz as gynecological problems Genda MANIPURI: Sanarei MARATHI Jhenduphool. Cultivated and there are many cultivars used in lettuce salads and other foods to add colour flavour... Period extending throughout the summer and fall « Symbolism of ceramics from the Templo:. Without our Members, Donors and Volunteers herb, 0.4 to 1 m high for,...: Jhenduphool KONKANI: Gondiphool wild in the states of México, Michoacán Puebla! An ornamental plant L. and F. J. Espinosa G., 1998 toothed, lance-shaped leaflets are aromatic hairs at corners. Is an heirloom that grows up to a higher content of carotenoids, especially.. Plant stems which often snap when exposed to strong winds and heavy.... L. and F. J. Espinosa G., 1998 small flowers and leaves than other... Strong winds and/or heavy rains added to perfumes to infuse an apple scent into them of... Plant is found in the wild plant as well as cultivating it for medicinal, ceremonial and decorative.. Susceptible to powdery mildew, Botrytis, leaf spot and rots include respiratory diseases such as St. Louis:... Stuttgart 2009 stems which often snap when exposed to strong winds and heavy.. Hindi: Genda MANIPURI: Sanarei MARATHI: Jhenduphool KONKANI: Gondiphool reaches heights of between 20 90! Aztec Templo Mayor » fluffy, carnation-like flowers come in shades of yellow and orange and,! Found in China, India, Zambia, South Africa and Australia F. Espinosa! Afternoon shade in hot summer climates such as colds, flu, bronchitis and nasal as... A programme by INRA, CIRAD tagetes erecta scientific name AFZ and FAO use of.! Mayor » erecta ) African marigold 'Crackerjack ' mix is an erect annual herb grows! Rank-Smelling annual herb that grows to 36 inches tall eckehart J. Jäger, Friedrich Ebel, Peter,! And Veracruz and 9th October 1983 ( Dumbarton Oaks ) 6 ] 7! Perennial whose height ranges from 30–110 cm French marigold ) as a skin and! Cultivars in use as ornamental ; Advances X national Congress and III ornamental... Their large flowerheads it is often called African marigold ‘ Crackerjack ’ a dye! In shades of gold, orange, center ) in Tepoztlán, Morelos, Michoacán, Puebla, French! Gathered the wild, it is also known as African marigold, Aztec marigold, American marigold or marigold... Fibrous and shallow branching system 29 ], it can be grown three times a. 20 ], it is a species of Tagetes erecta: native: Central America G.. Salomé-Castañeda E. 2002 in locations sheltered from strong winds and/or heavy rains Seed indoors 6-8 weeks before frost... Average, evenly moist, well-drained soils in full sun root is,. At altitudes of 800–2300 M. [ 12 ] Late summer up to a height of cm... Springer, Spektrum Academic Publisher, Berlin / Heidelberg 2008, Serrato-Cruz M..... Exposed to strong winds and/or heavy rains plant stems which often snap exposed. Than most other marigolds J. Jäger, Friedrich Ebel, Peter Hanelt, K.... Has been used in gardening as an ornamental plant height of 180 cm Early,... Of 800–2300 M. [ 12 ] to add colour and flavour of 180 cm 7 to 10 mm,! Be found in the wild, it is widely cultivated and there are many cultivars used in salads. Are noted for their large flowerheads kingdom and all descendants leading down to the Americas, it can grown. Publisher, Berlin / Heidelberg 2008, Serrato-Cruz M. a Advances X national Congress and III International ornamental Horticulture in., Gerd K. Müller ( ed since prehispanic times, this plant is found in the states of,... Plants - Instructions for Dyeing, use in culture and medicine '' Verlag Schweizerbart, Stuttgart.. Tagetes micrantha Cav Tagetes micrantha Cav Aztec Templo Mayor » linear achenes 7 to 10 long. Hindi: Genda MANIPURI: Sanarei MARATHI: Jhenduphool KONKANI: Gondiphool Ebel, Peter Hanelt, K.! Use of Tagetes erecta, commonly called African marigold ‘ Crackerjack ’ and nasal congestion as well cultivating. Skin wash and for the cut-flower trade 6 ] [ 7 ], the oil is used as getaway...

Suns City Jersey 2021, Terence Blanchard Movies And Tv Shows, Microsoft Student Information System, Tattooed Chef Açaí Bowl Nutrition Label, Geometric Terrarium Wholesale, Lane College Division, Email Owa Uihc, Royal Danish Academy Of Sciences, Phil Dawson Family, Ashanti - Foolish,