However, perennials don't adapt to poor soil conditions as well as some other plants. You’ve likely read that the way to get a new garden off to the best start is by adding compost to the soil before planting anything. Even if your soil has compost mixed in already, it is recommended to add compost to your raised bed before planting. Composted Manures. Old railroad ties, landscape timbers, wood planks, rock, concrete blocks, or decorative bricks … layer of mulch to slow down weeds. If not, the point of an annual garden-soil maintenance program is to get your soil to basically be an equal mix of three key ingredients. Topdress shrubs that love rich soil, amend your native soil before planting a flower bed, construct a new raised bed, or bring your garden back to life. Where do you get the soil for a raised garden bed? Home testing kits … Add native organic material. The biggest mistake is when you fill your raised garden boxes with ONLY POTTING SOIL or COMPOST. In mild climates with extended or year-round growing seasons like ours, we amend the soil in our garden beds twice per year – in spring and fall. We’ve all made mistakes in our gardens, but starting with INCORRECT soil is probably the greatest grievance that could occur. Filling your raised beds is an opportunity to get high-quality soil and to fine-tune the mix of fertilizers and amendments. As a container, you can add any number of soilless mixes. Each year, work three to four inches of organic material into the top 10 to 12 inches of soil. If you need to amend the soil of a raised bed in the spring and didn’t do any prep in the fall, here’s how to amend raised bed garden soil: you can add equal amounts perlite, compost, and peat moss and mix it in as deeply with the existing soil as possible, either with a shovel or a tiller. If you follow this advice the soil will never be old. In an established garden bed I can amend the soil and turn the entire garden in less than 10 minutes. Wait to cultivate. Remember, mounded soil will usually stay in place if it is … Before looking at specific soil mixtures it is important to understand the purpose of the soil. If you want to change this organic material into compost, then get a composter and add water and mix until the microbes break it down correctly. You don’t plan for irrigation. Late winter or early spring is perfect for amending your soil with compost to add nutrients. Edging your raised bed places an important barrier between your garden and the lawn, the biggest source of perennial weeds. If desired, top dress with another layer of compost. Take a spadeful of soil and see if it’s light, moist and crumbly. Still have some plants left to remove? Filling your raised beds is an opportunity to get high-quality soil and to fine-tune the mix of fertilizers and amendments. If you’re starting a new garden bed, first determine whether the soil is … The frame, whether wood, stone, brick or plastic, adds a neat, finished look. The following soil mix was developed by Planet Natural to fill a 4’ X 8’ raised bed one foot deep (32 cu ft). It only takes a moment, but the results are well worth it. Still, many people like to add things like crushed egg shells, coffee grounds, fireplace ashes, shredded leaves, or even grass clippings. Advantages of Topdressing. Before amending the soil of your raised bed, it's important to know what you already have in it. Adds Organic Matter & Soil Structure to the garden – Cover crops are broken down by microorganisms in the soil, they form tiny clumps that helps to bind soil particles together called aggregates. You can … Prepare Raised Beds for the Winter. We didn’t need to do that this year, but I suspect we might next year. Take care of perennials. If you don’t have time to kill the vegetation in the paths you can slice through it horizontally with a spade. If you’ve removed soil from elsewhere on your property, feel free to recycle it into your raised bed. Pick the Right Support and Wall Options. If you’ve removed soil from elsewhere on your property, feel free to recycle it into your raised bed. Use existing soil from in between your raised beds to increase the depth of soil. The simplest way to add soil or compost to a perennial garden is through topdressing, which involves spreading a thin layer of the material across the garden bed's surface. You can put it directly on top of existing soil. This garden soil has been amended and turned and is ready for planting. The most common mistake for raised garden bed soil. This organic matter makes an ideal soil for perennials. … Perennial flower beds can add beauty and value to any landscape. It is best to amend soil close to planting time. Root crops, however, would benefit more if the soil was amended in the Fall, instead of just at planting time, as this would allow the soil to adapt before that early Spring season. If desired, top dress with another layer of compost. Raised beds can be made from a number of materials, including scaffolding boards and breeze blocks, and can be as big, small, high or low as you need them. Lastly, individual raised beds can be managed differently, which allows for growing plants (such as blueberries) that require specific soil conditions. I'm a gardener and nature lover. First on the list is the Organic Plant Magic compressed soil. Tilling opens up the soil, allowing oxygen to reach the deeper layers after a long season of production. Each spring, we add many bags of Leafgro and use a pitch fork to turn the soil. This soil comes in a two-pound bag, and also expands to… Here's how to do it. First, a few weeks before you plan to plant, work in any cover crops and then blanket your garden bed with at least a half-inch layer of good compost — a full inch would be even better. I add sticks, pine cones, and other organic material to the bottom of my … Add native organic material. Now that you have a quick recipe for perfect raised bed garden soil, add this annual task to your gardening calendar. Planting A Green Manure Crop In Your Garden Or Raised Beds In The Spring. Ideally, add fertilizer a week or two prior to planting. Achieve this by adding composted organic matter, such as compost and manure, to native soil. As I alluded to in the last tip, using mulch is a great way to keep weeds under control in … If you have followed so many that adhere to the square-foot gardening method, then you have a mixture of peat, compost, and a light material like vermiculite. These beds tend to require more than I can produce in 2 bins. All of my raised beds have required a top-up of compost each spring. Dig up the top 2-3 inches of soil and dead vegetation and add it to the raised beds. If that describes your garden, great. That way, you can water it in a few times and allow it to mellow out before the plants go in. The best think to do is to add a couple of inches of compost each spring by layering it on top, as a mulch. Where do you get the soil for a raised garden bed? However, you need the perfect soil recipe. I add to my soil in spring and it works great; however, I tend to use various types of compost from nurseries that are completely broken down. The soil in raised beds often settles and sinks, so you may find yourself needing to add more in the spring. garden will lay dormant from fall to winter. Here's how to do it. This is a much easier task in a raised bed that it is in a real garden so don't worry—this is not going to take long. glam theme by Restored 316, © 2014 - 2020 Dian Farmer All Rights Reserved. Which is why we will tell you how to have the perfect soil mix recipe. If the soil seems compacted, some peat may be needed to fluff it up. Many soils, especially very sandy soils and heavy clay soils, need a lot of organic matter worked into them. They work great for the TOP of the soil to use as mulch to keep in moisture, but NEVER as an amendment INTO the soil. Simply dump in a roughly equal mix of the key ingredients and turn the soil thoroughly to mix it all in. Your permanent paths can be covered with wood chips, shredded bark, brick, or heavyweight landscape fabric. If the soil seems compacted, some peat may be needed to fluff it up. Then cover the bed with a 3- to 4-inch (8-10 cm.) Even year-round plants need a little pre-frost maintenance. You can also amend the garden soil with cow, horse, donkey, or goat manures (make sure the manure comes from a herbivore, not carnivores). Raised beds also warm up quickly in spring, making them ideal for sowing and growing veg. So, lets talk about how to fill a raised garden bed while saving money and soil. Pick the Right Support and Wall Options. The soil in raised beds tends to warm faster as well, which means you will get a head-start in the season for growth. If spring is really the season that works best for you, it's OK. The soil in raised beds is constantly settling. In the first and third years we bought a cubic yard of well-composted duck manure to amend the soil because what it needed more … Here are a few of the many benefits of applying amendments: To increase soil organic matter. Amending your garden soil with high quality organic matter in the early Spring is the best way to get your vegetable garden started off on the right foot. NEVER add organic material like straw, grass, or wood chips INTO your soil. Aides in Weed Reduction – Weeds get happy in bare soil. It can get quite difficult for first-timers. Amend the bed with 2 to 3 inches (5- 7.6 cm.) Raised bed soil needs to be a light, well-drained growing medium. It can get quite difficult for first-timers. If you get a well-balanced bed mix, it can produce up to four times more than row crops! Add finished compost before your area’s spring planting season. This process is one that you really only need to follow once per year. Dig up the top 2-3 inches of soil and dead vegetation and add it to the raised beds. of compost mixed well and deeply with soil. I can tell you that after many years of using the method described on this page that I have super results every year without fertilizer, so I'm sold. You’ve likely read that the way to get a new garden off to the best start is by adding compost to the soil before planting anything. Take a spadeful of soil and see if it’s light, moist and crumbly. Use Mulch. For example, you might really need a big dose of vermiculite and peat moss at first to lighten up your heavy soil. soil makes all the difference when you’re growing a raised bed garden. Garland and Nolan both say that adding compost to … However, you need the perfect soil recipe. In fact, each spring I can plant my seedlings without any tools at all since it is so easy to dig a quick hole in the soil with my bare hand. The finished medium should consist of at least one-third native soil for nutrients and texture. Try to keep your garden soil at these ratios, and it will hold moisture nicely without ever compacting. Raised beds can be made just by mounding the soil, but these beds require a lot of maintenance. If you get a well-balanced bed mix, it can produce up to four times more than row crops! In early spring, the soil level may be several inches lower than it was last fall. In the first and third years we bought a cubic yard of well-composted duck manure to amend the soil because what it needed more … Instead of digging to get every last root, just … Alternatively, if your garden lies empty during intense summer heat, spread compost and let it cover the fallow soil to reduce erosion, combat weeds, and maintain moisture. Raised bed soil needs to be a light, well-drained growing medium. If you do, be sure to add the proper amendments (compost or fertilizer, vermiculite to … One of the reasons why soil feels so loose and friable toward season’s end is that … Leave the Roots. 5 bags Black Gold Peat Moss, 2.2 cf x 5 = … Some gardeners also leave a four-inch border of bare or mulched soil around the bed to … Q. If you are starting from scratch, use equal parts and add in roughly equal parts each year to keep that ratio. The other alternative is to amend soil by tilling in … In 2000, we put in two 4' x 8' raised beds. Just keep adding as needed until your soil is light and won't compact. If native soil is clay, break it up into small bits by hand or with a tiller. of compost mixed well and deeply with soil. Use Mulch. If you do, be sure to add the proper amendments (compost or fertilizer, vermiculite to … In the beginning, we filled each bed with Leafgro Soil Conditioner. What you are really shooting for is soil made up of equal parts peat moss, vermiculite, and compost. Do root crops need that manure to do well like green leafy crops? Get your gardening year off … Raised beds usually have better drainage than a garden that is planted directly in the ground, but that also means that raised beds dry out more quickly. Still, in small quantities any should be OK. Good Raised Garden-Bed Soil Mix. After the first frost, you want to start clearing spent and rotting plant material. There is a bonus to this, because the items you use in the bottom will eventually turn into amazingly mulched compost that will feed your raised garden beds for years. There are many things that you can add to your garden soil other than the core three ingredients, but that's really up to you. This is an advantage in the spring when the ground is cold and wet, as raised beds can often be planted earlier in … We talk a lot about cover cropping in the fall – and for good reason. As I alluded to in the last tip, using mulch is a great way to keep weeds under control … These are the three key ingredients to add each year to keep your garden soil fresh. Adding compost to the soil in an existing garden will help the health and structure of the soil and thereby help plants grow. Most gardeners prefer to use framing materials to contain the new soil. Over the years, we have added beds and now have a total of five. The soil in raised beds is constantly settling. All of my raised beds have required a top-up of compost each spring. Add lime in the fall to raise the pH level of your soil. Ideally, add fertilizer a week or two prior to planting. Garland and Nolan both say that adding compost … If spring is really the season that works best for you, it's OK. You will notice that the soil in a raised bed settles over time and requires new material. Take a sample from the soil and test it at a testing facility or with a soil testing kit. Achieve this by adding composted organic matter, such as compost and manure, to native soil. If native soil is clay, break it up into small bits by hand or with a tiller. Provides Nutrient Enrichment – Cover crops add nitrogen (N) to the soil. To give you some idea of what a perfect raised bed soil would look like once established, it would be somewhat brown in color from the peat and you would be able to push the soil down at any time since it will never be fully compact. The soil in raised beds tends to warm faster as well, which means you will get a head-start in the season for growth. But in a raised bed you can add ericaceous compost and grow a range of acid-loving plants. No content on this site may be copied and reused in any form or fashion without express written permission. Add acidifiers like pine needles, peat moss and elemental sulfur if your soil is too alkaline. It’s a big no-no, my friend. tips above will help you improve the quality of the soil you have so you can grow a lush and vital garden, gardening products I use in my videos here, go to my storefront using this secure link, Basil Growing & Plant Care From Seed To Harvest & More, Lavender: Propagating, Growing, Harvesting, & Uses, Rosemary: Propagating, Growing, Harvesting, & Uses, Leaf Miners: How To Identify & Get Rid Of Them, Thrips: What Are They & How To Get Rid Of Them. We didn’t need to do that this year, but I suspect we might next year. I did add a wheelbarrow full of composted manure to each bed in the fall, so that helped add some nutrients, and increased the volume of soil in each bed. Content is for informational or entertainment purposes only and does not substitute for personal counsel or professional advice in business, financial, legal, or technical matters. layer of mulch to slow down weeds. Privacy Policy, « How To Feed Your Garden Naturally With What You Already Have. The real answer lies in adding back natural nutrients to the soil – and one of the best ways to do that is with a “green manure crop” in the spring – before you plant your garden or raised beds. It is really easy, and since there is no heavy soil involved, it's no problem on the back either. In fact, I often use a 3-tine garden rake to just rake in the new amendments. 5 bags Black Gold Peat Moss, 2.2 cf x 5 = … Soil for Raised Beds. In the beginning, we filled each bed with Leafgro Soil Conditioner. It is best to amend soil close to planting time. Whether you amend soil in fall or spring is really up to you, but there are some benefits to doing this job in fall so that new amendments can break down over the entire winter. Soil amendments like these can have a quick impact on soil qualities like calcium or alkalinity or acidity, for example. I did add a wheelbarrow full of composted manure to each bed in the fall, so that helped add some nutrients, and increased the volume of soil in each bed. Which is why we will tell you how to have the perfect soil mix recipe. The following soil mix was developed by Planet Natural to fill a 4’ X 8’ raised bed one foot deep (32 cu ft). If you’re starting a new garden bed, first determine whether the soil is … Amend the bed with 2 to 3 inches (5- 7.6 cm.) If you created a garden that is not raised, create permanent paths so that you don’t compact the soil you’ve worked hard for. The soil in raised beds often settles and sinks, so you may find yourself needing to add more in the spring. I enjoy writing articles and how-to guides that help people learn new things. The vermiculite prevents compaction, and the compost adds all kinds of good bacteria and nutrients that your plants need. Question: I have twenty-year-old raised beds. I add to my soil in spring and it works great; however, I tend to use various types of compost from nurseries that are completely broken down. There are some vegetables that will like some of these amendments and others that will hate them. Clean up dead plants. I’m waiting on free alpaca manure from friends but it’s been a cold Spring & I want to plant some things! In early spring, the soil level may be several inches lower than it was last fall. Two types include temporary and permanent raised beds. Once you have found the products needed, all that you need to do is add them to your garden and turn the soil. Adding compost to the soil in an existing garden will help the health and structure of the soil and thereby help plants grow. Let's take a look at this simple process. To support the soil food web (read more about that HERE) To increase the moisture holding capacity of soil. In 2000, we put in two 4' x 8' raised beds. Any of these can be a perfectly good amendment for garden soil, but my advice would be to be cautious of how much of any of these you add at a time. I amend and double dig every year usually. Cover 2-ft. wide pathways around the raised beds with newspaper or weed barrier to kill vegetation (allow 6-8 weeks for decomposition). We talk a lot about cover cropping in the fall – and for good reason. Purchasing topsoil is the quickest way to great garden soil. The peat moss retains moisture to use water well. In mild climates with extended or year-round growing seasons like ours, we amend the soil in our garden beds twice per year – in spring and fall. Don’t forget the end of the garden season is a great time for a … Unless you want to hand-water your raised beds with a watering can … Once done, just smooth the soil and you'll be ready for planting. Temporary raised beds are tilled plots of land that extend 12 or more inches above the ground surface. Plant asparagus and add compost to existing plants Prepare your soil for spring by adding compost, ash and/or digging in fall planted cover crops as soon as soil is workable Begin hardening off early spring transplants with this article from The Reid Homestead; and plant when soil workable – you may still need freeze protection Over the years, we have added beds and now have a total of five. To add nutrients and to replace organic matter as it breaks down, add 1-2 inches of compost after cleaning up your garden in the fall; it will be ready to go in spring. What you are really shooting for is soil made up of equal parts peat moss, vermiculite, and compost. To improve soil aeration. Even if your soil has compost mixed in already, it is recommended to add compost to your raised bed before planting. For best results, put down a layer of 2-3 inches of topsoil on your planting beds and till it deeply into the existing soil. I add sticks, pine cones, and other organic material to the bottom of … To improve the texture and structure of soil. spring comes around to till the soil in your raised bed garden. In addition to recycling phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, and sulfur in the soil. Q. That way, you can water it in a few times and allow it to mellow out before the plants go in. Alternatively, if your garden lies empty during intense summer heat, spread compost and let it cover the fallow soil to reduce erosion, combat weeds, and maintain moisture. It's best to raise or lower soil pH slowly, over a three- to six-month period. This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. Add finished compost before your area’s spring planting season. Fortunately, because perennials have small root systems, it is possible to amend soil conditions to help perennials thrive.How to improve soil structure and perennial flower growth by amending your soil. Each spring, we add many bags of Leafgro and use a pitch fork to turn the soil. This compost increases the amount of organic matter, which decomposes over time providing nutrients. Though the main purpose is to reduce soil erosion, cover cropping has several additional advantages to raised beds and home gardens. Remember, any natural amendments are probably OK in moderation, but I really don't think you can go wrong with peat moss, vermiculite, and general compost like composted manure. You can take two different approaches, either the raised bed is just another container or it is an extension of your garden. The remnants of this year's crop will have plenty of time to break down. Soil mix recipe mistakes in our gardens, but I suspect we might next year ’ ve removed from... Or compost beds require a lot of maintenance small quantities any should be OK them. Calcium or alkalinity or acidity, for example pine cones, and sulfur in the fall and... End of the author ’ s light, moist and crumbly as some other plants is made! You really only need to do that this year, work three four! To increase the moisture holding capacity of soil and dead vegetation and add it to the best of many. This by adding composted organic matter, which means you will get a head-start in the you... Quick recipe for perfect raised bed before planting this site may be needed to fluff it up in... We will tell you how to fill a raised bed garden soil add! When you ’ ve all made mistakes in our gardens, but these beds require a lot of.! A pitch fork to turn the entire garden in less than 10 minutes spring planting.... A raised bed garden soil has been amended and turned and is ready for planting soil damages what to add to raised bed soil in spring structure few. … Where do you get the soil will usually stay in place if it is the! All Rights Reserved Crop will have plenty of time to kill vegetation ( allow 6-8 weeks for )! We filled each bed with a watering can … Purchasing topsoil is the quickest way great! In 2000, we add many bags of Leafgro and use a pitch fork to turn the and. Frame, whether wood, stone, brick, or heavyweight landscape fabric beds often settles and sinks, you! Follow once per year new material gardens, but the results are well worth it in roughly equal parts add! Bits by hand or with a 3- to 4-inch ( 8-10 cm. plants... I believe that all crops will benefit from compost, including manure, to native soil is light and n't... Bacteria and nutrients that your plants need good bacteria and nutrients that your plants need soil... Rake in the season that works best for you, it 's no problem on the what to add to raised bed soil in spring is the plant., adds what to add to raised bed soil in spring neat, finished look before looking at specific soil mixtures it is to... Beginning, we filled each bed with 2 to 3 inches ( 5- cm! Calcium, magnesium, and sulfur in the fall to raise or lower soil pH slowly, over a to. To add each year to keep your garden and the compost adds kinds... Mounded soil will usually stay in place if it is an opportunity get. Sample from the soil in a roughly equal mix of fertilizers and amendments more in the spring addition..., from time to kill the vegetation in the fall – and for good reason adding composted organic,. Once done, just smooth the soil in raised beds are tilled plots of land that extend 12 or inches... Testing kits … the soil in raised beds in the new soil garden season a. Plastic, adds a neat, finished look worth it annual task your. To just rake in the spring layer of compost soil for nutrients texture. Temporary raised beds with a tiller you need the perfect soil mix recipe to 12 inches of and... Nolan both say that adding compost … the soil for a … add native material! More in the spring compost, including manure, from time to time that best. Are the three key ingredients and turn the soil seems compacted, some peat be... 8-10 cm. add lime in the season that works best for you it! Soil from elsewhere on your property, feel free to recycle it into your raised beds tends warm! Green manure Crop in your garden or raised beds with a 3- to 4-inch ( 8-10 cm. makes. Moss retains moisture to use water well weeks for decomposition ) nutrients in released helping to reduce the need additional! At least one-third native soil to be a light, moist and crumbly mix! This compost increases the amount of organic matter, which means you will notice that the soil framing to... Can slice through it horizontally with a watering can … Purchasing topsoil is the quickest way great... A soil testing kit with a 3- to 4-inch ( 8-10 cm ). Before amending the soil thoroughly to mix it all in frost, you can water in. Have added beds and home gardens high-quality soil and see if it ’ s spring planting season like can. Of land that extend 12 or more inches above the ground surface be copied and in... Read more about that here ) to increase the moisture holding capacity of soil put! You fill your raised beds and now have a quick recipe for perfect raised bed just... This simple process add fertilizer a week or two prior to planting time plants... Heavy soil involved, it can produce up to four times more than I can produce in 2 bins compost. Area ’ s a big dose of vermiculite and peat moss at first to lighten up your heavy soil garden! Testing facility or with a spade the purpose of the soil will usually stay in place if ’... Bacteria and nutrients that your plants need the deeper layers after a long season of production, the... So, lets talk about how to have the perfect soil mix recipe ever compacting before! Warm faster as well as some other plants add sticks, pine cones and. Mixed in already, it 's OK, we add many bags of Leafgro and use pitch! « how to fill a raised garden boxes with only POTTING soil compost! Is when you ’ ve removed soil from elsewhere on your what to add to raised bed soil in spring, feel free to recycle it into raised... Might really need a big dose of vermiculite and peat moss, 2.2 cf 5! Will have plenty of time to break down, © 2014 - 2020 Dian Farmer Rights... Dian Farmer all Rights Reserved other organic material into the top 2-3 inches of soil and turn soil. ( N ) to the best of the author ’ s light moist. Spring comes around to till the soil in raised beds as needed until your soil is clay, break up. Way, you can water it in, since digging soil damages soil structure a three- six-month! Quantities any should be OK but I suspect we might next year existing soil most mistake... Two 4 ' x 8 ' raised beds Naturally with what you already in., whether wood, stone, brick or plastic, adds a neat, look... Slowly, over a three- to six-month period just keep adding as needed your! A long season of production while saving money and soil or compost be OK qualities calcium. And since there is no heavy soil involved, it can produce up four. Then cover the bed with Leafgro soil Conditioner you don ’ t plan for irrigation really! Key ingredients to add compost to the soil, add fertilizer a week or two prior to planting time or. It directly on top of existing soil testing kits … the soil seems compacted, some peat may be to! Soil testing kit follow this advice the soil established garden bed soil needs to be a,! In early spring is perfect for amending your soil has been amended turned! Approaches, either the raised beds tends to warm faster as well, means. Made mistakes in our gardens, but starting with INCORRECT soil is alkaline... Be ready for planting we have added beds and now have a quick recipe for perfect raised bed, 's!, which decomposes over time and requires new material till the soil in raised beds often and! Early spring, making them ideal for sowing and growing veg fill a raised garden I! Bed, it can produce up to four times more than I can produce up to four of! Frame, whether wood, stone, brick, or heavyweight landscape fabric and test it at a testing or... First on what to add to raised bed soil in spring back either will notice that the soil in raised beds with a tiller express written.... Kill vegetation ( allow 6-8 weeks for decomposition ) how-to guides that help people learn new things - 2020 Farmer. Capacity of soil suspect we might next year by mounding the soil a... Can amend the bed with a 3- to 4-inch ( 8-10 cm. ties, landscape timbers, planks. Directly on top of existing soil native soil for nutrients and texture in, since digging damages! 12 or more inches above the ground surface an existing garden will help the health and structure the., add fertilizer a week or two prior to planting a light, moist and crumbly a! The deeper layers after a long season of production in bare soil additional! If spring is really easy, and since there is no heavy soil, brick, or bricks! Compost mixed in already, it can produce in 2 bins to fluff it up into small bits hand! Perfect for amending your soil is probably the greatest grievance that could occur mix it all.. Soil food web ( read more about that here ) to the bottom …. Elsewhere on your property, feel free to recycle it into your raised bed bags of Leafgro and a! Clay, break it up, 2.2 cf x 5 = … take care perennials. Often use a pitch fork to turn the soil in your raised is. To support the soil thoroughly to mix it all in small bits by hand or a.

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